Narrative Theraphy

Narrative therapy is a form of postmodern collaborative psychotherapy that was developed by Michael White and David Epston.

This approach acknowledges people as the leading experts in their own lives and, therefore, values the stories they tell about themselves and about the facts that occur in their lives.

Problems should be understood as a result of the meanings attributed by people to the facts that happen in their lives and the way they organize their lives around these facts.

Inspired by such principle, it is essential to reflect on how the problem affects people's lives and their families and, in turn, how they influence the life of the problem.

This technique assumes that every human being is greater than any problem. In this sense, every person, regardless of age, gender, culture and social condition, has the skills and competencies that allow them to change the relationship with their troubles.

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Collective Narrative Practices

by Adriana Müller

The name given to collective interventions based on theoretical assumptions of Narrative Therapy by Michael White and David Epston.

In general, follow four basic principles:

1. 1. Highlight the double narrative of the stories: the story of the problem co-exists with the story of how the person responded to it. The emphasis given to one or the other version determines which one will be the dominant story - the one full of problems or the one that narrates the story of how the person managed to overcome the problem, based on what strengths, skills, abilities and values​​, which were the people that helped, among other aspects;

2. Expand the preferred story: help a person expand and describe in a richer manner the narrative of his/her story (and not the story of the problem);

3. Connect the individual experiences to collective situations;

4. Help the person to contribute to the lives of other people who undergo similar situations.

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Narritive Methodologies

The Dulwich Centre Foundation has developed various narrative methodologies for use with individuals, groups and communities that have experienced situations of extreme hardship.

These methodologies are also used in a therapeutic context with individuals and families.

Currently other professionals inspired by this theoretical approach have created new methodologies.

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